African Fish Eagle:
The African Fish Eagle is probably the most familiar predator in Africa. Its scientific name is Haliaeetus vocifer. It is also known as African Sea Eagle. It is a large species of eagle that is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Male African Fish Eagle weighs 2 to 2.5 kg. Female African Fish Eagle weighs 3.2 to 3.6 kg.
African fish-eagle habitat:
The African fish-eagle is associated with a diverse range of aquatic habitats from rivers, lakes and dams to swamps and mangrove lagoons.
African fish-eagle biology:
The African fish-eagle is a proficient hunter, with live fish accounting for the bulk of its diet. The African fish-eagle typically hunts from a high perch on a waterside tree, where it can watch for fish moving close to the water’s surface. Once its prey is sighted, the African fish-eagle launches from its perch, swoops low over the water, and at the critical moment throws both feet forward to seize hold of its target with powerful talons. Adult African fish-eagles are normally seen in pairs.
It carries small fish into a tree through air but larger catches are dragged through the water to the shoreline. African Fish Eagle is despite successful only one in seven or eight attempts. It rarely spends more than 10 minutes per day actively hunting. Beside fish, it also take the young of water birds such as the lesser flamingo, and very occasionally will go for monkeys, crocodile hatchlings, frogs and insects. When there is shortage of food, they feed on carrion, dead fish.
Its favorite dishes are catfish and lungfish, and it will occasionally snatch these from herons, pelicans and storks. Young flamingos, ducks, storks and herons are targets, as are lizards and turtles.