Komodo dragons have lived in the harsh climate of Indonesia’s Lesser Sunda Islands for millions of years.The name comes from rumors that a dragon-like creature once lived on the Indonesian island of Komodo. Komodo are carnivore, reptiles who can live up to 30 years. Komodo dragon are the largest, heaviest living lizards on planet. They are identified by their massive size; long, flat heads with rounded snouts, scaly skin, bowed legs, and huge, long and muscular tails.
They belong to Class: Reptilia,of Order: Squamata, Family: Varanidae, Genus and Species: Varanus komodoensis.The male adults grow 10 ft. (3 m) tall in length, and can weigh up to 330 lbs. (150 kg). Females grow to 6 feet (1.8 m).They can run 11 mph in short bursts.
These lizards come in a variety of colors, including blue, orange, green and gray. Their skin is scaly and rough, reinforced with bony plates called osteoderms. They have long claws and a large, muscular tail. Their hunting strategy is based on stealth and power. Komodo Dragon have good sense of sight and can spend hours in one spot, waiting for prey. They can prey upon deer, boar, goat or anything sizable and nutritious. They eat any kind of meat and can hunt animals as large as a water buffalo.
They can throw out the contents of their stomach to lessen their weight, in order to flee from a danger situation. The Komodo’s bite have deadly bacteria and venom.
Komodo dragons are limited to a few Indonesian islands of the Lesser Sunda group including Rintja, Padar and Flores, and of course the island of Komodo. They live in tropical savanna forests, but range widely over the islands, from beach to ridge top.Most mating occurs between May and August. The female Komodo lays about 30 eggs.